The epidermis of the skin is divided into five layers. The basal cell layer is the source of the growth of the epidermis. The cells in it continue to divide, gradually move outward and produce changes, and finally form the stratum corneum, which provides the basic functions of friction, sun protection and moisturizing of the epidermis. The outermost old keratinous smear is formed and detached, and a certain thickness of the stratum corneum is maintained. The speed of the update varies according to the individual's constitution, body part and age. Generally speaking, it takes about two weeks for the formation from the basal cell layer to the stratum corneum, and it takes about two weeks for the stratum corneum to form smear and then detach from the skin. The metabolism in the body is slow, and the aging keratin deposited on the surface of the skin is more likely to accumulate and thicken, making the skin look dull. Therefore, it is even more necessary to remove this layer of "old clothes" from the skin, and regularly use a mild exfoliating milk to exfoliate the aging keratin. Helps promote epidermal metabolism, cell renewal, and restore skin's smoothness and tenderness.
But many physical exfoliating gels contain abrasive particles, will it be unbearable for fragile skin in the sensitive spring? Of course possible. On the one hand, when the stratum corneum is damaged by external foreign bodies or environmental factors, the rate of renewal will be accelerated to remove foreign bodies and repair the skin. On the other hand, repeated chemical or physical stimulation can also cause the stratum corneum to thicken and form "dead skin". These are the skin's defensive responses to external stimuli. So, mastering the "degree" is very important.
The physical method is to use the scrub particles in exfoliating products, or cotton pads, combined with massage techniques to "grind" the dead skin on the surface of the skin. Or some tear-off masks, which absorb the waste material of the epidermis and take it away during the "tear-off" process. The effect of the physical method is really immediate, giving you smooth and delicate skin in no time. Sensitive skin should be used with caution. Most of the exfoliating products have ingredients that soften and exfoliate, so some sensitive skin will become more fragile after exfoliation.
The benefit of exfoliating is that it can promote the blood circulation and metabolism of the skin, make the cell regeneration smoother, and the skin appears fresh and soft. If you use exfoliating milk containing natural plant ingredients, it can also dissolve the aging cells of the epidermis of the skin, and has a gentle friction effect, which can remove the aging cutin of the epidermis and the agglomerated melanin and acne, improve the skin tone, and make the pores more refined. At the same time, it removes the aging dead cells and rough keratin of the skin, which can make the skin appear delicate and smooth.
Soft Skin Without Exfoliation
Epidermal cells are produced from the deepest part of the epidermis (basal layer) and push outward layer by layer. When they reach the outermost layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum), they "end of life" and become dandruff and fall off naturally. This process is commonly referred to as a 28-day cycle, but with age, this cycle will naturally extend. If there are too many "old and dead cells" that "dead and never go back", the "new dead cells" that still have a "freshness of life" cannot be exposed, and the skin will appear dull, rough, and lifeless, which requires exfoliation. .
Healthy young skin with a youthful luster, and keratinocytes have normal life and death metabolism, so there is absolutely no need for special exfoliation. Even if you occasionally look tired, or get sunburned due to insufficient sun protection, and your skin looks a little dull and stuffy, you can recover quickly as long as you take a good rest.
Even if you are not very young, but diligently maintain: remove makeup and cleanse the skin in two steps every day to gently and thoroughly cleanse the skin (the top layer of aging cutin will be naturally taken away); the skin care products used can "enhance cell vitality", "Promote metabolism"; and perform deep care with moisturizing/whitening/nutrition mask every week to make the skin soft, moisturizing and shiny, and there is no need to exfoliate. Only those with extra-oily, extra-thick and rough skin (mostly boys) need to use a cleansing mask regularly. Mature skin that has never been maintained at the beginning of maintenance, or when mature skin looks dull and unsmooth due to overwork, can exfoliate to promote the skin Renewing, but still not having to exfoliate regularly and consistently.
Fragile Skin Should Not Be Exfoliated
Acne Acne Skin
Many people think that acne and pimples are caused by excessive oil secretion and clogged pores, so they specially use a cleansing mask to strengthen exfoliation. actually not. The occurrence of acne and acne is largely due to changes in the metabolism of sex hormones. Diet, living habits, and the environment may all cause this effect. Many girls will have acne during the menstrual period, because the level of estrogen, which inhibits sebum secretion, decreases during this period, while the level of androgen that can stimulate sebum secretion increases relatively. However, this is only very localized on the skin. According to experts, the hyperkeratosis of acne skin is limited to the hyperkeratosis of the cells of the pilosebaceous duct. The keratin metabolism of other skins is still normal, so there is no need for special exfoliation. It is necessary to use a special acne product to clear the keratin accumulation in the pores, and it can be antibacterial and anti-inflammatory.
Red Blood Skin
Whether it is dry or oily red-blooded skin, it is the skin with a thin epidermis (the tiny blood vessels in the dermis can be seen) and damaged hydrolipidic barrier function, so it is particularly vulnerable to external aggression and causes irritation and allergies . Such skin, even if it is detected in the skin test to have old dead skin cells, do not exfoliate. Because the skin with damaged barrier function is like a piece of clothing with holes; but even ripped clothes can somewhat "block the cold" (low protection against external aggression), before the "new clothes" are ready, Don't cut off those sparse "broken beards" (old waste horns).
Blackheads are formed when the oil in the pores adheres to dirt, dead skin, and cosmetic residues. The blackhead dirt blocks the pores, so that the oil cannot be discharged smoothly, and it can only "broaden the road", causing the pores to be enlarged; and the enlarged pores are more likely to accumulate blackheads...
The longer the blackheads form, the more sticky and stubborn they will become, and it is necessary to use some exfoliating products at this time. But more importantly, do a good job of removing makeup every day - someone always asks: Do I have to remove makeup if I don't wear makeup? want! The meaning of makeup removal is to dissolve and remove the greasy dirt in the pores (secreted by the skin and in cosmetics), the pores are clear, the blackheads and large pores are no longer patronized, and there is no need for special exfoliation. Young, delicate skin, exfoliated too much, can easily evolve into fragile red-blooded skin.
Myth 1: Reusing exfoliating lotions and other products
Damage skin index: ★★★★★
Reason: Many brands of lotion also contain exfoliating function. Using such lotion every day can keep the skin soft and clear, and then special exfoliation will only cause excessive damage to the skin. Correct method: It is written that the lotion has an exfoliating effect. After cleansing, use a cotton pad dipped in the lotion to gently wipe the skin. After wiping, there is yellow or black dirt on the cotton pad. This lotion already has an exfoliating function on the surface. , no other exfoliating products are needed.
Myth 2: Abusing exfoliating products
Damage skin index: ★★★★
Reason: Different exfoliating products contain different particle sizes due to different ingredients, so they are not irritating to the skin. Individuals are suitable for scrub-style exfoliants.
Myth 3: Exfoliating your skin when you have acne
Damage skin index: ★★★★
Reason: The hyperkeratosis of acne skin is limited to the hyperkeratosis of the cells in the ducts of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. The keratin metabolism of the skin in other areas is still normal, so there is no need to exfoliate the "snack". The acne breaks out and becomes infected. Correct method: When you have acne, you don't need to strengthen exfoliation. Just put a special acne treatment product on the acne site, let the LHA and salicylic acid in the product dissolve the keratin, dredge the keratin accumulation in the pores, and antibacterial and anti-inflammatory. Can.
Myth 4: You have blackheads so you need to exfoliate often
Damage skin index: ★★★★★
Reason: The longer the blackheads form, the more stubborn they will become, and it is necessary to use some exfoliating products at this time. Only when the greasy dirt in the pores is completely removed, and the pores are clear, blackheads and large pores will disappear, and there is no need for special exfoliation. Excessive exfoliation of young, delicate skin can easily lead to brittle, red-blooded skin. The right way to do it: Exfoliate properly, but don't reuse several exfoliants just because you have a lot of blackheads. To deal with blackheads, it is more important to do a daily makeup removal and cleaning, as well as oil control.
Myth 5: Exfoliating frequently
Damage skin index: ★★★★
Reason: Some people pursue the feeling of smooth and delicate skin immediately, and are "addicted" to exfoliation! If they don't do it for a period of time, they feel uncomfortable on the face, and when the skin condition is bad, they expect to be improved by exfoliating, but they do not know that excessive exfoliation will seriously damage the skin. The damage of the cortex becomes thinner and thinner, and the phenomenon of dryness and peeling of red blood cells occurs.
Myth 6: Sensitive skin cannot be exfoliated
Damage skin index: ★★★
Reason: Sensitive skin will produce the accumulation of aging dead skin cells. Choosing the right product and the correct method to gently clean the skin will not make the skin more sensitive. Correct approach: skin sensitivity is caused by many factors, pay attention to choosing mild products, such as products that have passed the allergy test, are 100% fragrance-free, very safe, and can be used with confidence.
The skin needs to be metabolized, and some old and waste cells on the surface of the skin will remain on the surface of the skin. This is the old waste keratin. The long-term accumulation of keratin will cause our skin to become dull and dull, and it will also affect the skin's absorption of skin care products. The same is true for facial keratin, which should be removed.
It is not suitable to exfoliate when there are pus or inflamed acne on the face. If the acne is closed, you can exfoliate properly, but when exfoliating, it is best to avoid the acne-prone areas and not touch the acne.
Choice of exfoliating products
Gel-based exfoliating products, such as tea core whitening exfoliant, have a good effect on dry face because they already contain a certain amount of water, but adding too much water will not work well; while the texture of cream-based exfoliating products It is sticky and needs to be done in a moist state.
Here I would like to highlight our exfoliating gel from the RtopR brand, which is
RtopR Mango Exfoliating Cream, this product works very well and is worth a try.
Protective work after facial exfoliation
Moisturizing and sun protection after exfoliation are essential maintenance routines and must not be ignored. Exfoliating with the Silk Deep Exfoliating Gel works really well. Facial exfoliation is actually that simple. Although we need to remove exfoliation regularly, we should not exfoliate too often, because exfoliation will also protect our skin, so the aftercare work after exfoliation must be in place. , so that we can better protect our skin.